Ferdinand puts up with this so long as he can see Miranda. By Jo Miller, Grand Valley Shakespeare Festival Dramaturg . Prospero plans to break his staff and bury it underground. Towards the end of the play, Prospero shows the extent of his magic. Early in the play, Prospero appears callous and cruel, especially in his treatment of Ariel and Caliban. The Tempest opens with one of Shakespeare’s most realistic location scenes: ‘A tempestuous noise of thunder and lightning heard. Although his accomplishments in the magic arts have been great, magic itself remains “rough,” meaning either “crude” or “violent.” In short, magic is capable of great harm. Prospero who is on an island with his daughter Miranda and some servants to assist with magic is stranded but he uses his magical powers to his advantage. He plans to send his books (of magic spells) to the deepest depths of the ocean. The epilogue of the play “The Tempest” by William Shakespeare begins with Prospero’s declaration that he is going to overthrow all his personal charms as a magician. Prospero directs these harsh words toward Caliban, who has just resisted his command to fetch sticks for a fire. He deliberately takes off his cloak at two points in the play: once when he tells Miranda of their history, and again at the end of the play when he gives up his magic. As a finest show of his magic, Prospero creates a masque to teach the newly betrothed ones the morality of their age regarding chastity. It is true he has got back his dukedom and pardoned all the conspirators. With his dukedom restored, Prospero is faced with the choice to leave the island or stay by himself. Now, in this final scene, he humbly asks the audience for his own freedom, which is curious considering that he has been the one who controlled and enslaved others. Although he refuses to free Ariel and enslaves Caliban, Prospero is really a beneficent ruler, never intending to injure even his enemies. Prospero's Magic in The Tempest In Shakespeare's The Tempest, Prospero's magic is the means that Prospero teaches his lessons to the plays various characters. He planned on giving up magic by breaking his staff, burying it deep in the ground and drowning his books. R. Zaslavsky ©1993, rev. Prospero once again demonstrates his willingness to use (and perhaps indicates his history of using) magic for cruel purposes. In Act 4 scene 1, Prospero literally steps into the role of playwright when he puts on a masque for Miranda and Ferdinand. The reason why he is drowning his books is that they are the reason why he has all of his magical powers. Caliban's mother, Sycorax, who does not appear, represents the horrors that were stirring at this time in England and elsewhere regarding witchcraft and black magic. These lines follow Prospero’s long list of his accomplishments in the magic arts. Prospero’s Magic . Notes on the Tempest: or What Makes this Play Unique? Prospero no longer plans to make use of these magical tools. Eventually, Prospero rewards his loyalty by releasing him and agrees that Ferdinand and Miranda can marry. He is going to discard forever his art of magic by which he cast a spell on others. The play opens with a theatrical demonstration of his abilities, and as we are introduced to other characters on the island, we learn that Prospero has used his magic as a way of establishing himself as a kind of ruler. He manipulates subsequent events in order to restore his position and his relationship with the king, and he does so in a way that mimics a playwright working his magic. One of the main indicators that perhaps this was Shakespeare's final farewell to the stage is Prospero’s epilogue to the play. The Tempest marks the last play that Shakespeare wrote by himself, and as such, represents a sort of farewell to his audience. He states that he has thrown away his magic and pardoned those who have injured him. Facts we learn about Ferdinand at the start of the play: He swam ashore alone after the shipwreck. Chagall’s illustrations add many different dimensions and can be interpreted in many ways as his own ‘farewell’ to his frenetic artistic output on projects of this scale. Just as Prospero puts aside magic in the final scenes of the play and prepares for a peaceful retirement, so Shakespeare may have used the play as a way to say goodbye to the theater. Prospero's magic is the white magic of nature, not the black magic of evil men. The final speech in Shakespeare's The Tempest, performed by Bob Hutt of the Greek Theatre Players Gonzalo knows how much Prospero loves his books, and he arranges for them to be placed on the ship that removes Prospero and Miranda from Milan. Upon ridding himself of his magical forces, he releases Ariel, the magical spirit whom he has enslaved throughout the play. instructs Ariel how to perform his illusions 6 prospero as Shakespeare many critics argue that Prospero could actually be a stand-in for Shakespeare himself. Prospero’s main goal from his epilogue was to rehash all that he had done and he wanted everyone else to know so that his mission would not be in vain. In The Tempest, Prospero uses magic as a means to an end. In Shakespeare’s play The Tempest, Prospero is a masterful magician who creates a storm to shipwreck those who robbed him of his dukedom. 40-64) 1: 1C i t ao n sf rm T h em pst eANwV ari ou Ed n fS k, d. Hc w Fu (New York, 1964). Prospero's desire to change others reflects his god complex; his transformation at the end of the play, a recognition of his humanity Alonso recognises Prospero's humanity in act 5 scene 1 - quote 'thy pulse beats as of flesh and blood' Prospero refers to his magic as "art." 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